Natural resources are a key development and poverty reduction pillar: how can we envisage and implement development without water, forests, fertile land or marine and land life? The environment provides our essential material assets and economic bedrock vital for human activities. Nearly half of the world’s jobs, for example, are reliant on fishing, forests and agriculture (UNEP, 2007). The well-being of every human population in the world is fundamentally and directly dependent on ecosystem services‛ (Sukhdev et al., 2010).
Yet the fact of the matter is that these natural resources are deteriorating: 60% of the ecosystems enabling life on Earth are degraded and will continue to be so over the next fifty years. Consequently, approximately two-thirds of the functions and services that nature offers for human wellbeing and for our economies are on the decline. In particular, fish renewal, wood fuel, freshwater availability for all, global climate regulation, medicinal plants and wild plant and animal products, local air quality, the prevention of soil erosion, the natural purification of polluted water, biological disease and pest control, pollination, and protection from natural disasters are all in sharp decline worldwide due to an unprecedented change to the ecosystems in the form of their extreme simplification (MEA, 2005).
Governance Links Tanzania will focus on:
- Promoting Participatory Natural Resources Management
- Trans boundary and Integrated Water Resource Management
- Promoting strong focus on the Water-Food-Energy nexus
- Working with national and international institutional partners on environmental stewardships, particularly focusing on biodiversity hotspots
- Promoting the harnessing of renewable energy sources through popularisation of photovoltaic systems and related options
- Engagement with local, national and international actors on balancing the environment-trade nexus in view of sustainable local development.
- Generating research based- evidence to influence policies on investments in extractive industrie
- Promoting evidence –informed policy making and practices for climate change mitigation andadaptation